Evaluation of remote teaching and learning in Universities in Ghana during the COVID-19 pandemic
Keywords:distance learning, internet connectivity, student readiness, higher education, COVID-19, education system
COVID-19 prompted the closure of various schools throughout the world to prevent the virus from spreading. Many countries, including Ghana, have established an online learning system to encourage learning activities and ensure student continuity. The study looked into how Ghanaian students reacted to online learning in higher education. An online questionnaire was used to collect data using a descriptive survey methodology. A total of 675 students from various Ghanaian higher education institutions were used as a sample in the study. Percentage and frequency were used to analyze the data. Students responded positively to online learning, according to the study’s findings. The majority of them knew about e-learning and platforms like Google Classroom and Alison. For online learning, laptops and cell phones were utilized. They were, however, unprepared for online learning due to a lack of sufficient training, limited internet connection, and a lack of funds to purchase computers and cell phones. The study recommended that university administration should guarantee that students have access to materials that will allow them to assess their readiness for an online course and provide preparatory advice. Academic staff should also provide instructional support through instructional activities that can assist students in gaining the necessary skills for online learning, assessing their readiness, and considering using flexible teaching methods and deadlines to accommodate students with reliable WI-FI or broadband access challenges, as well as emotional support to ensure a smooth transition to emergency remote learning.
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