From segregation to inclusive education: Examining the environmental adaptations on pupils with disabilities in regular schools within Yilo Krobo Municipality, Ghana
Keywords:academic performance, environmental adaptations, inclusive education, pupils with disabilities, regular schools
Inclusive education is the adaptation and modification of the learning environment and instructions to promote the academic performance of all learners irrespective of race, class, gender, disability, sexual preference, religion, culture, learning styles, and language. Oppong (2003) explains inclusive education as the adaptation of the school curriculum to make it equally accessible to students with special needs. This means that the school curriculum should suit students with and without disabilities and the school environment should also be made equally accessible to students with special needs. The descriptive cross-sectional survey design was employed. A quantitative data collection method was used, thus eight Likert scale type questionnaire was designed for the selected primary school teachers in the Yilo Krobo Municipality, Ghana. This study brings to light the challenges faced by pupils with disabilities and further recommends possible measures that could be put in place to improve teaching and learning in regular schools.
Allen C. & Abend, R.A. (2001). Planning and Designing for Students with Disabilities. Washington, D.C: National Institute of Building Sciences. Retrieved 25/03/2012 from http://www.ncef.org/pubs/disabilities.pdf
Avoke, M. (2004). Introduction to special education for universities and training colleges. Accra: City Publishers.
Babbie, E. (2001). The Practice of Social Research. (9th Ed.). Retrieved 25/03/2012 from http://sociology.about.com/od/Types-of-Samples/a/Purposive-Sample.htm
Boakye-Yiadom, H. (2011). Inclusion of children with special needs in mainstream basic school in kwadaso sub-metro of the Kumasi metropolis. Masters thesis. Unpublished Material, 7-32.
Bryman, A. (2005). Social research methods. Canada: Oxford University Press. 35-37.
Castillo, J. J. (2009). Probability sampling and randomization. Retrieved from http://www.experiment-resources.com/probability-sampling.html
Choate, J. S. (2004). Successful inclusive teaching: Proven ways to detect and correct special needs. (4th ed). New York: Pearson Education.
Friend, M. & Bursuck, W. D. (2002). Including students with special needs: A practical guide for classroom teachers. (3rd Ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Gyimah, E.K. (2009). Inclusive education in Ghana, what are the levers of change? Retrieved from http://www.deta.up.ac.za/presentations/word/Gyimah.pdf.
Haddad, C. (2009). Teaching children with disabilities in inclusive settings. [Special issue]. UNESCO. Retrieved from https://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0018/001829/182975e.pdf
Kaplan, I. (2007). Inclusive School Design: Lombok, Indonesia. EENET Asia Newsletter No. 4, Jakarta, Indonesia: EENET Asia, Pp. 18-19.
Lain, M. (2006). Inclusion in classroom: the teaching methods. Retrieved 26/06/2010 from http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/66531/inclusion.
Leedy, P. & Ormrod, J. (2001). Practical research: Planning and design (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill Prentice Hall. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications.
Mastropieri, M. A. & Scruggs, T. E. (2000). The inclusive classroom: Strategies for effective instruction. (1st Ed.). New Jersey: Pearson prentice hall.
McGuire, J. M., & O'Donnell, J. M. (1989), Helping Learning Disabled Students to Achieve: Collaboration Between Faculty and Support Services. College Teaching. 37(1), 29-32. Retrieved from http://teaching.berkeley.edu/bgd/disabilities.html
Neuman, W. L. (2003). Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches (5th Ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Okyere, B. A. & Adams, J. S. (2003). Introduction to Special Education: An African Perspective. Accra: Adwinsa Publications (GH) Ltd
Oppong, M. A. (2003). Understanding and effectively educating the special needs student. Ghana; University of Education, Winneba.
Paine, S. C., Radicchi, J., Rosellini, L. C., Deutchman, L. & Darch, C. B. (1983). Structuring your classroom for academic success. Champaign, IL: Research Press.
Sophal, K. & Fox, S. (2006). Physical Accessibility & Education. EENET Asia Newsletter No. 4, Jakarta, Indonesia: EENET Asia.
UNESCO (2004). Changing teaching practice: Using curriculum differentiation is respond to students’ diversity. Paris: UNESCO. Retrieved from http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001365/136583e.pdf.
White, B. (2000). Dissertation skills for business and management students. United Kingdom: Cassell.