Pragmatic deviation of politeness principle in Trump’s political speeches

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Muhammad Hussain Hamza
Nur Rasyidah Mohd Nordin


The current study aimed to pragmatically explore the deviation from Leech's (2014) politeness maxims in the former president of the US Donald Trump's political speeches. A qualitative approach was followed to collect and analyze the data. Two oral documents; an interview and a speech that were taken from YouTube were adopted in this study as an instrumentation. These documents, which were selected purposively to saturate the data, were Trump's interview with Fox News Channel reporters, Martha MacCallum and Bret Baier in Scranton on March 6, 2020, and Trump's direct speech to the crowd in Illinois on June 25, 2022, in support of his candidates to win the Congressional election. A discourse analysis method was used to examine the data. The findings showed that Trump from the maxims to convince the people that his opponents are unacceptable, elect Trump's candidates, influence the crowd to change their views of the world, ruin his rivals' image, show his period as the US president incomparable and better than any US presidents, deny accountability, reject to release others from blame, influence the public that the election was stolen to invoke wrath among his supporters, express his hatred towards others, and vent his own feelings to make people sympathetic to him.


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How to Cite
Hamza, M. H., & Nordin, N. R. M. (2023). Pragmatic deviation of politeness principle in Trump’s political speeches. Research Journal in Advanced Humanities, 4(4).
Author Biography

Muhammad Hussain Hamza, School of Languages, Civilisation and Philosophy, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia

Muhammad Hussain Hamza is a PhD candidate at Universiti Utara Malaysia of School of Languages, Civilisation and Philosophy. His major interest is pragmatics, discourse analysis, and political discourse. He has published numerous papers in local, international, and Scopus-refereed journals.

How to Cite

Hamza, M. H., & Nordin, N. R. M. (2023). Pragmatic deviation of politeness principle in Trump’s political speeches. Research Journal in Advanced Humanities, 4(4).


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