Research Journal in Advanced Humanities <p style="text-align: justify;">Part of Royallite Global, <strong>Research Journal in Advanced Humanities</strong> is a peer-reviewed pluridisciplinary journal which publishes original research in the breadths of humanity subjects such as languages, literature, philosophy, history, human geography, law, politics, religion and art (visual arts, drama and music).</p> en-US <p>This open-access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 license.</p> <p><strong>You are free to:</strong>&nbsp;Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format. Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Under the following terms:</strong>&nbsp;Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>No additional restrictions</strong>&nbsp;You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.</p> (Dickson Adom) (Amos O. Ojwang') Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Effectiveness of character and style in communicating myths of origin: A critical analysis of Tigania Community of Kenya <p>Characterization in a work of art comprises the persons through whom the writer speaks to his audience. Characters play a vital role in literature as they control the plot of the story, bring out themes and arouse and sustain interest. Forster (1972) asserts that the importance of characterization is anchored on the fact that a writer is able to appeal to the intelligence and imagination of the reader. This paper examines six myths of origin from the Tigania Community. These myths are: <em>The Origin of Death, Red-Thigh Woman, (Ngirani), Domestication of Animals, 'Gichiaro', Naming Patterns </em>and<em> Rain and Thunderstorms. </em>These reveal the deep-rooted cultural subversion of the female gender and there seems no hope of unwarping the woman from the intricate web that culture has constructed for her. Characterization and style have been artistically interwoven in the creation of the myths. Chapman (1973) stipulates that in a literary work, language is conscious in formation and that it is a medium not only for communication or expression but for effect. This paper exposes a myriad of challenges assailing the female gender in the Tigania Community, whose patrilineal set up is deeply entrenched, this woman had desperately resigned to her fate.</p> Mwamukui Priscila Rukunga, Speranza Ndege Copyright (c) 2020 Mwamukui Priscila Rukunga, Ndege Speranza Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Assessment of pottery as a tool for expression and community reintegration in women prisons in Kenya <p>In developed countries, studies have shown that pottery as a form of visual culture encourage self-expression and prepare inmates for release and employment. However, existing studies have failed to investigate pottery in women prisons in Kenya as an effective tool for self- expression and a means to self-reliant. The study aim was to examine pottery as a tool for expression and community reintegration in women prisons in Kenya. The study areas were Lang’ata and Kisii women prisons with a population of 34 respondents. Purposive sampling technique was used to sample 4 illustrators and 30 inmates. The study utilized questionnaire, interview and observation guide to collect data. This study was guided by Vygotsky’s Art and Creativity theory. Descriptive research design guided the study. Using descriptive statistics under the qualitative and quantitative research designs, the study revealed that participants valued the process of creating pottery as a form of expression with age, education and prison confinement being some of the areas that contributed to effective application of images in pottery. The study recommended improvement of facilities in pottery section, retrain of illustrators and encouragement of inmates to intensify on the use of imagery in pottery for self-expression in preparation for successful reintegration.</p> Jane Otieno Copyright (c) 2020 Jane Otieno Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of digital technologies on the learning of French in higher learning institutions of Zambia: A case study of David Livingstone College of Education <p>This paper examined the impact of digital technologies on the teaching and learning of French at David Livingstone College of education in Zambia. This study was conducted at David Livingstone College of education which is a multi-ethnical institution located in Livingstone, the tourist capital of Zambia. The data that informs this study was collected through the administration of a questionnaire to 60 students (30 in French and English class respectively as targeted by the study). The questionnaire was completed by (at least) one participant in each class. This allowed the researcher to establish the impact of digital devices on the learning and teaching of French at David Livingstone College of education. The study revealed that factors such as access and exposure to digital technologies such as social media and computers coupled with personal mobile phones were the main factors contributing to good academic performance in French by students at David Livingstone College of education. From the data collected, the main findings of the study are that there is evidence of positive impacts of the use digital devices in class on the learning of French as a foreign language at David Livingstone College of education.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Elliot Machinyise Copyright (c) 2020 Elliot Machinyise Mon, 17 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Modification of Ghanaian traditional abatoɔ game to improve the quality of basic education <p>The study focused on using the traditional abatoɔ game as a pedagogical tool for teaching contents in different subject areas and to find out how it motivates learners to learn. The study adopted a qualitative research approach with action and descriptive research methods. It was underpinned by the ‘Game-Based Learning’ (GBL) theory. Artistic techniques such as drawing, painting, printing, and computer Graphics were employed to modify the Ghanaian traditional a<em>batoɔ</em> game to improve the quality of teaching and learning. The modified <em>abatoɔ</em> game was tested at M.A. Bediako Adventist Preparatory school, Amakom-Kumasi Ghana with a population of five hundred and eighty-seven (587) pupils. Out of this, purposive and convenience sampling techniques were used to select forty (40) basic one pupils, thirty-six (36) basic four pupils and thirty-nine (39) basic six pupils as sample for the study. &nbsp;Observation, tests, feedback cards, and opinionnaire were used to collect data for the study. The study revealed the possibility to modify traditional games into educational games with integration of different learning contents. The study concluded that, learning contents integrated into game reinforce learners’ understanding of learning concepts, motivate learners to learn and prepare in advance for studies. The modified a<em>batoɔ</em> game also have the potential of reducing the workload on teachers as different learning contents can be taught with a single game.</p> Victor Boateng-Nimoh, William Kwabena Nantwi Copyright (c) 2020 Victor Boateng-Nimoh, William Kwabena Nantwi Mon, 17 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Examining the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic for regional integration in Africa <p>The covid-19 pandemic has had effect on all facets of human life. Regional integration is no exception. Meanwhile, regional integration has been largely held as one of the most feasible avenues for developing countries to achieve prosperity. This paper examines why African states took decisions that were in violation of regional integration protocols when faced with the covid-19 scourge. Four policy briefs about the effects of the covid-19 pandemic on regional integration in Africa were analysed using the qualitative content analysis method. The findings were interpreted through the lens of a rationalist actor choice model. The study found that state actors in Africa took decisions that broke regional integration protocols. These decisions were the result of severe limitations imposed by the pandemic against the desire of actors to maximise interests. The findings contradict a popular view expressed by the authors of the policy briefs who appeared to portray deliberate actions on the part of state actors to impose border closures and trade restrictions. The pandemic has unveiled a reality in the risk of overrating how far states can go in their search for integration. States as rational actors will always choose survival over loyalty. State actors would need to exercise more caution in their commitment to regional integration regimes.</p> Francis Kwabena Atta Copyright (c) 2020 Francis Kwabena Atta Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Examining the significance of visual artifacts in Anlo traditional marriage system in the Volta region of Ghana <p>This study sought to examine the significance of visual artifacts used in Anlo traditional marriage system in the Volta Region of Ghana<strong>. </strong>Ethnographic research design embedded in the qualitative paradigm was adopted for the study. The purposive technique was used to sample ten (10) respondents; thus, a chief, an elder, and eight (8) married couples in Anyako. A multi-data collection technique comprising semi-structured interviews and non-participant observation was employed for data collection. The results identified various visual artifacts which were, the marriage stool, the marriage cloths (e.g., Achimotta, Haliwoe, Fiawoyome). Also, the study revealed that the wooden stool, “Atizikpui”, is a symbol of the woman's permanency and that she has come to stay forever. The philosophies and concepts behind these visual artifacts become the norms and ethics which bind society. Similarly, the society is taught to make artifacts not just for their aesthetics but also as a way of preserving the culture of the people. The study recommended that traditional leaders must continue to use occasions like durbars, festivals, and other ceremonies to sensitize their subjects on the importance of preserving their culture. This will educate the Anlos about the significance of visual artifacts in their marriage system and also provide good sources of reference materials for the future generation to continue the legacy.</p> Godwin Gbadagba, Ebenezer Kwabena Acquah, Henry Empeh-Etseh Copyright (c) 2020 Godwin Gbadagba, Ebenezer Kwabena Acquah, Empeh-Etseh Henry Thu, 03 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 A Comparative Analysis of History Questions in Myanmar Matriculation Examinations <p>This study was to analyze and evaluate the history question papers administered in 2015 and 2016 matriculation examinations in Myanmar. History subject question paper was chosen to be analyzed among ten subjects. Qualitative research design was mainly used. The analysis of question was conducted by 6 steps: (1) calculating the marks allocation for each chapter based on actual teaching periods, (2) calculating the marks allocation for each chapter in questions, (3) comparing the marks allocations for each chapter between text book based allocation and questions, (4) exploring the marks allocation for each chapter in examination questions according to skill level, (5) comparing 2015 and 2016 history questions according to mark allocations and skill levels, and (6) constructing the tables of specifications for questions. Findings showed that the extra marks are 110 marks and it is above twice and above of actual given marks. Moreover, the questions are unbalance in content weights. Test items for analysis level are so few and there are no any items for application level. On the other hand, it shows that there are many questions for writing notes types. Most test items are simple and items for creative and critical thinking are not found. Moreover, it was found that there are some errors in objective items that do not follow the rules of constructing objective tests. Therefore, this study hopes that the teachers will be able to evaluate and improve easily questions by using the ways of analysis described in this paper.</p> Yar Zar Chit Copyright (c) 2020 Yar Zar Chit Thu, 03 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000