Analysis of Akan compounding by using autosegmental theory


Sarah Sarfo
James Mensah
Anna Serwaa-Nkrumah
Isaac Opoku Broni


Compounding has received a great deal of discussion in Akan Phonology. Akan is a spoken language that includes, Asante, Fante, Akuapem, Bono, Wassa, Buem, Assin and many more dialects. This testifies that Akan has as many as ten dialects spoken in six regions out of ten regions in Ghana, according to Dolphyne (2006: ix) mostly as a mother tongue (L1). Out of these ten dialects three can be classified as the major dialects. Namely: Akuapem Twi, Asante Twi and Fante. These three dialects are classified as major dialects because they have primarily received appreciable amount of research attention over the years and taught in some schools in many parts of the country and they have yielded success in our educational system. Therefore, the analysis highlighted on only Asante Twi. Akan (Twi) words are not deliberately stemming only as we perceive them. The words are reduplicated, compounded and also affixes are added to them and these bring differences in Twi words. The compounding in words by using autosegmental theory is what this paper focused. The autosegmental subjected to some vowels, consonants to be deleted as we compounding the words. The data was collected in document. The analysis pinned out that there is compounding in Akan (Twi) through the use of autosegmental theory.




How to Cite
Analysis of Akan compounding by using autosegmental theory. (2022). Journal of Linguistics and Foreign Languages, 3(1).

How to Cite

Analysis of Akan compounding by using autosegmental theory. (2022). Journal of Linguistics and Foreign Languages, 3(1).


Abekah, E.N. (2004). Elision in Mfante. Africa and Asia. 4, 181-213.

Agyekum, k. (2010). Akan KasaNhyehyeɛ. Accra, Dwumfour Publication.

Abakah, E. N. (2005). Tone rules in Akan. Journal of West African Languages, 32(1-2), 109-134.

Appah, C. K. (2013). The case against AN compounding in Akan. Appah, CKI (2013). The case against

Appah, C.K.I. (2015). Compounding in Akan. Linguistics and English Language Lancester University, UK.

Balmer, W.T. and Grant, F.C.F. (1929). Grammar of the Fante-Akan Language. Atlantis Press, London.

Boadi, L.A. (1966). The syntax of the Twi verb. Ph.D.Thesis, University of London.

Christaller, J.G. (1875). A Grammar of the Asante and Fante called Tshi (Chwee, Twi). Basel, Basel Evangelical Society.

Dolyhyne, F.A. (2006). The Akan (Twi-Fante) Language its soundsystem and Tonalstructure. Accra, Universities Press.

Dolphyne, F. A. (1988). The Akan (Twi-Fante) language: Its sound systems and tonal structure. Ghana Universities Press.

Goldsmith, J. (1976). Autosegmental phonology (Doctoral dissertation, MIT Press).AN compounding in Akan. Journal of West African languages, 40(1), 73-87.

Libben, G. (2014). The nature of compounds: A psychocentric perspective. Cognitive neuropsychology, 31(1-2), 8-25.

Marfo, C.O. (2004). On Tone and segmental processes.

Schacther, P. (1962). Teaching English to the Twi Speaker. Longmans.

Schachter, P. &Fromkin, V. (1968). A Phonology of Akan:Akuapem, Asante and Fante. UCLA Working Papers in Phonetics, 9.

Štekauer, P., Valera, S., &Kőrtvélyessy, L. (2012). Word-formation in the world's languages: A typological survey. Cambridge University Press.

Thakur, D. (2009). Linguistic Simplified Syntax. India: Bharati Bhawan Publishers and Distributors.