Journal of Linguistics and Foreign Languages https://royalliteglobal.com/jlfl <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Journal of Linguistics and Foreign Languages</em></strong>, is a quarterly peer-reviewed journal that focuses on the description of Foreign Languages such as English, French, German, Italian, Spanish within the framework of contemporary linguistics. This journal focuses on articles and short discussion papers or squibs on all core aspects of languages and linguistics, from its beginnings to the present day, including syntax, morphology, phonology, semantics, pragmatics, corpus linguistics, and lexis. Occasional issues are devoted to a special topic when a guest editor is invited to commission articles from leading specialists in the field. Articles in this journal are evaluated on their own scholarly merit and research integrity, and our expert academic editors take an objective and constructive approach to rigorous review.</p> en-US ojwang@royalliteglobal.com (Amos O. Ojwang') ojwang@royalliteglobal.com (Amos O. Ojwang') Sat, 28 Jan 2023 07:37:14 +0000 OJS 3.2.1.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Analysis of Conversational Maxims Flouted to Achieve Verbal Humour in Churchill Show Stand-up Comedy Performances https://royalliteglobal.com/jlfl/article/view/1030 <p>Humour plays an important role in everyday human life. It created when language is used in a certain context to achieve humorous effects. There is an increased proliferation of verbal humour in stand-up comedies in Kenya recently. The local television industry has also invested in verbal humour to enhance their viewership. For this reason,<em> Churchill Show,</em> one of the verbal humour comedy events has captivated Kenyans in the last decade. Verbal humour is often created by flouting the Gricean conversational maxims. However, in Kenya, no study has currently examined the conversational maxims flouted by the comedians to create verbal humour in <em>Churchill Show</em> . Therefore, the study investigated conversational maxims flouted in <em>Churchill Show</em> to create verbal humour. The study relied on the Gricean cooperative principle and the principles of Relevance theory to explain the maxims flouted by stand-up comedians. The study adopted a descriptive qualitative research. The primary data of study comprised purposively selected utterances from stand-up comedy performances from 2011 to 2019 in <em>Churchill Show</em>. In collecting the data, the researcher applied attentive observation. Being a qualitative study, data analysis commenced during data collection. Content analyses of spoken words in the TV tape were transcribed. Classification of the data into maxims flouted was first done and discussed. The findings showed that the selected stand-up comedians flouted all the four conversational maxims in their utterances to create humour. As the comedians flout the maxims, they employed strategies such as irony, satire, self-deprecation, stereotypes and hyperbole to enhance their humour creation. The study concluded that the relevance theoretical framework is appropriate in explaining the inferential process that the audience apply in humour interpretation in order to achieve optimal relevance. The study contributes knowledge in pragmatics, especially the Grice conversational maxims and implicatures.</p> Nancy Chepkemoi, Simon Nganga, Mosol Kandagor Copyright (c) 2023 Nancy Chepkemoi, Simon Nganga, Mosol Kandagor https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://royalliteglobal.com/jlfl/article/view/1030 Mon, 30 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Influences of learning environment on English language vocabulary acquisition among Learners in rural settings https://royalliteglobal.com/jlfl/article/view/1035 <p>Language represents one of the ways we convey our thoughts, emotions, and feelings. In today's globe, English is among the most widely spoken languages, and the language is taught as a second or third language in various parts of the world. English learning as a second or third is established at the primary school level and is taught until the postsecondary levels of schooling. The majority of kids in rural primary schools are deficient in English due to many factors, including a lack of experienced and qualified instructors who are conversant with current approaches and techniques of teaching, as well as a shortage of classroom resources. The goal of acquiring any language is to communicate, which means communication is impossible if one does not master the language or have the opportunity to communicate effectively. It is inevitable that language and communication are in great demand in our ever-changing environment. Language is fundamental in communication, and English is, without dispute, the most significant and widely used medium of communication on the planet. Every individual should work hard to develop effective communication skills in all languages, which constitute the most critical criteria for success in each individual's job. This journal article will dig into the many methods in which English language learners in rural regions gain vocabulary competency, as well as the tactics that their instructors in rural community schools use to raise learners' levels of proficiency.</p> Deborah Mutua Copyright (c) 2023 Deborah Mutua https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://royalliteglobal.com/jlfl/article/view/1035 Wed, 01 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A linguistic analysis of verbal bullying expressions in selected schools in Machakos town sub-county https://royalliteglobal.com/jlfl/article/view/1026 <p>This paper aims at showing how speech act theory is used to account for expressions used to instigate verbal bullying among students in secondary schools. It is hewn from a main study that examined various linguistic expressions of verbal bullying and its harm on students in selected public schools in Machakos town sub-county, Kenya. The study sought to find out evidence of linguistic expressions used in verbal bullying, the forms they took and evaluation of the utterances using speech act theory; how the utterances affected the targeted students and especially if they violated the students’ rights on dignity and equal opportunity to quality education despite the child’s background. The study used a mixed methods design, where quantitative and qualitative methods were used to collect and analyze data. Out of an approximate sample of forty six public schools, purposive sampling was used to select schools based on their previous history in unrest. Due to the heterogeneous nature of the schools, the schools were stratified and categorized in two groups, that is mixed and pure girls’ and boys’ schools. Further stratification was done based on the type of school whether it was a sub county, county, extra county or national school. Students were selected randomly from each class of school to form the population of the respondents. The students were interviewed to collect data. After analysis, the previous study found out that verbal l bullying expressions such as insults, use of offensive language, threats, issuing commands among others were used by the perpetrators against the victims. Again, the study established that verbal bullying expressions had great effects on the targeted. Some reported to have felt isolated from the affiliated groups, others said they felt dejected, devalued among others.</p> Dorothy Katunge Mutunga Copyright (c) 2023 Dorothy Katunge Mutunga https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://royalliteglobal.com/jlfl/article/view/1026 Sat, 28 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000