Determinant of time to default from treatment during treatment period of congestive heart failure patients in case of Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

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Berhanie Addis

Abstract

Background: Like all other organs the Heart is susceptible to disease. The main objective of this study was to identify the factors that affect time-to default from treatment of congestive heart failure patients at Felege- Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.


Method: A retrospective study design was conducted on congestive heart failure patients selected by inclusion and exclusion criteria at FHRH under a follow-up period from January 1st 2016 to December 31th 2019. Cox-Proportional hazard model for survival part time to default were used to identify factors that affect the time to default from the hospital.


Results: On the New York Heart Association Classification (NYHAC), 5.2% of the patients were class I and 14.9%, 36.1%, and 43.7% were found in classes II, III, and IV respectively. Patients with co morbidities like anaemia, pneumonia, chronic kidney disease were less likely to default as compared to patients without co morbidities. Patients’ New York Heart Association Class, Marital Status, Hypertension status of patients and TB co-infected status of CHF patients were found to be significant determinants of time to default.


Conclusion: the variable NYHAC, TB co-infected status and LVEF were common factors for time to default of CHF patients. The risk of defaulting for TB co-infected patients were higher as compared to non-TB co-infected patients with HR=8.24. Hence in hospital health professionals should be needed give special attention to the patients who had the co-morbidity disease. And government should allocate appropriate budget to hospital for hospitalization of CHF patients for the long time until recovery.

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How to Cite
Determinant of time to default from treatment during treatment period of congestive heart failure patients in case of Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia. (2023). Research Journal in Medical and Health Sciences, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.58256/rjmhs.v4i1.970
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Articles

How to Cite

Determinant of time to default from treatment during treatment period of congestive heart failure patients in case of Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia. (2023). Research Journal in Medical and Health Sciences, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.58256/rjmhs.v4i1.970

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