Assessing the contributions and quality of various food crops harvested by household on food security in Ugenya Sub-County, Siaya County, Kenya

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Evans Owen Odinga
Dennis Mamboleo
Dan Nyantika

Abstract

Demand for food and other agricultural products is projected to increase driven by population growth, increasing per capita incomes and changes in diets. Small scale food crop production in Kenya account for about 70 percent of the overall production. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of food crop farming on household food security in Ugenya sub-county, Siaya County, Kenya. This study adopted a descriptive research design, a target population of 2608 who include subsistence food crop farmers and experts from department of agriculture from which a sample size of 264 participants was selected. Questionnaires, and interview guide and direct observation were used to collect data. The data obtained from the questionnaire was edited, sorted and coded prior to analysis. The data was keyed into the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) for analysis. Frequency and percentages was used to present data that required descriptive statistics. Regression analysis was used to analyze the extent of relationship between variables while data obtained through interviews was presented based on relevant themes. The study findings established that most of the farmers plant various kinds of food crops especially for household consumption this food crops included; maize, beans, sorghum, millet cassavas, potatoes and others.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.displayStats.downloads##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.displayStats.noStats##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
Assessing the contributions and quality of various food crops harvested by household on food security in Ugenya Sub-County, Siaya County, Kenya. (2022). Research Journal in Advanced Social Sciences, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.58256/rjass.v3i1.751
Section
Articles

How to Cite

Assessing the contributions and quality of various food crops harvested by household on food security in Ugenya Sub-County, Siaya County, Kenya. (2022). Research Journal in Advanced Social Sciences, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.58256/rjass.v3i1.751

References

Achonga, B., Akuja, T., Kimatu, J. and Lagat, J. (2017): Implications of Crop and Livestock Enterprise Diversity on Household Food Security and Farm Incomes in the sub Saharan region, Global Journal of Biology, Agriculture & Health Sciences,Vol.4(2)

Adebayo O. (2012). Effects of Family Size on Household Food Security in Osun State, Nigeria, Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 136-141.

Barongo D.(2013).Factors affecting household food security: a case study of Mtwara rural district-Mtwara region, South Africa.

Creswell, J. (2012). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.

De Waal, A. (1990). A Re‐ assessment of Entitlement Theory in the Light of the Recent Famines in Africa. Development and Change, 21(3), 469-490.Dimensions of Food Security." Food and Agriculture Organisation, Rome

Epule E., Bryant R. (2017). The adoption of Agroecology and conventional farming techniques varies with socio-demographic characteristics of small-scale farmers in the Fako and Meme divisions of Cameroon. Geo Journal 82, 1145–1164.

FAO STATISTICS. (2013). Maize Production Trend in Kenya 1960-2011;

FAO STATISTICS. (2013). Maize Production Trend in Kenya 1960-2011; Ukwala Division, Ugenya. http://www.factfish.com/statistic country/kenya/maize,+total,++production+quantity

FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP and WHO. (2019). The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2019.Building resilience for peace and food security. Rome.

FAO, IFAD, WFP (2018): The State of Food Insecurity in the World. The Multiple

FAO. (2012). Monitoring African Food and Agriculture Policies (MAFAP)

FAO. (2017). The Future of Food and Agriculture: Trends and Challenges. Rome.

FAO. (2019). The State of Food and Agriculture in the World 2019. Leveraging food systems for inclusive rural transformation. Rome.

FSR (Food Security Report). (2017). Prepared by Kenya Agricultural Research.

Gabre-Madhin, E.Z. and S. Haggblade.( 2001). Success in African Agriculture: Results of an Expert Survey. International Food Policy Research Institute. Washington DC.

Government of Kenya (2010). Agricultural Sector Development Strategy. Nairobi: Kenya

Government of Kenya (2012). Ministry of Agriculture - BBS/ PAPOLD Reports 2005-2011

Government of Kenya (2013). Department of Agriculture, Annual Report 2013-Siaya County

Government of Kenya (2013). Ministry of Agriculture - NAAIAP/ Progress Report

Government of Kenya (2013). Siaya County Integrated Development Plan 2013-2017

Government of Kenya (2014). Food Security Report, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute.http://www.foodsecurityportal.org/kenya/food-security-report-prepared-kenya-agriculturalresearch-institute

Government of Kenya (2014). Siaya County Integrated Development Plan. Nairobi: Kenya Government Printers.

Government of Kenya. (2003). Ministry of Agriculture - The Kenya CAADP Compact

Government of Kenya. (2004). Ministry of Agriculture, Kenya Strategy for Revitalizing Agriculture (2004-2014), Nairobi: Kenya Government Printers.

Government of Kenya. (2007). Kenya Vision 2030. Nairobi: Kenya Government Printers.

Government of Kenya. (2009). KNBS-Population census of 2009. Kenya Government Printers

Government of Kenya. (2009). KNBS-Population census of 2009. Kenya Government Printers Government Printers.

http://www.factfish.com/statistic-country/kenya/maize,+total,++production+quantity

Humanities Social Sciences and Education. 2(2) 63-76.

Icheria B.K (2017). Household Food Insecurity and Coping Strategies among Small

Institute, Food Security Portal.

Johnson, R. & Onwuegbuzie, Anthony & Turner, Lisa. (2007). Toward a Definition of Mixed Methods Research. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 1, 112-133. Journal of Mixed Methods Research. 1. 112 -133. 10.1177/1558689806298224

Kang’ethe, E. and Lang’at, A. (2010) An investigation of Aflatoxin B1 and M1contamination of animal feeds and milk from urban centers in Kenya. African Health Sciences; 9(4): 218-226

Kanyamurwa J.,Wamala S., Baryamutuma R., Kabwama E. and Loewenson R.(2013). Differential returns from globalization to women smallholder coffee and food producers in rural Uganda.African Journals Online. Vol. 13 No. 3

KNBS.(2019). 2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census: Volume II.Government printers.Nairobi

Kothari C.(2014),Research Methodology, Third Edition,New Age International Publishers, New Delhi

Kumba J.( 2015). The Role of Household Characteristics in Determining Food Security in Kisii Central Sub-County, Kenya. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences.

Langat B., NgénoV., SuloT., Nyangweso P., Korir M., Kipsat, M. and Kebenei J. (2012) Household food security in a commercialized subsistence economy: A case of smallholder tea famers in Nandi south district, Kenya. Journal of

Development and Agricultural Economics

Nassiuma, D.K. (2000). Survey Sampling: Theory and Methods. University of Nairobi Press.

Nyoro K.(2000). Kenya competiveness in Maize production:Implications for food security.Tegemeo Institute ,Egerton University,Kenya. Scale Farmers in Tharaka Central Division, Kenya.

Schutjer and Van Der Veen(1999) Economic Constraints on Agricultural ...being the slope of the probability density function.

Sell M. and Minot N. (2018). What factors explain women's empowerment? Decision-making among small-scale farmers in Uganda, Women's Studies International Forum, Vol. 71, Pages 46-55,

Sen, A. (1981). Poverty and Famines: an Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation,Oxford: Clarendon Press

Swift, J. (1989). Why are rural households’ people vulnerable to famine? IDSBulletin 20 (2), Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex,Brighton, UK.

URT, (2016). Poverty and Human Development Report 2007. Research and Analysis Working Group, MKUKUTA Monitoring System, Ministry of Planning, Economy and Empowerment, published by Research on Poverty Alleviation (REPOA) Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

URT, (2017). Research and Analysis Working Group, 'Poverty and Human Development Report 2017'. Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs. Dares Salaam, Tanzania.

Wambua, B., Omoke, K. and Mutua, T. (2014). Effects of Socio-Economic Factors on Food Security Situation in Kenyan Dry Lands Ecosystem. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Food Science 2: 51 – 59.

Wekesa, E. 2003. "Adoption of Maize Production Technologies in the Coastal Lowlands of Kenya," Miscellaneous Reports 56109, CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center.

WHO. (2012). WHO Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition. Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/nutgrowthdb/en/. (Accessed 20 April 2012.)

Young, H., Jaspars, S. Brown, R., Frize, J. and Khogali, H. (2001). Food insecurity assessment in emergencies: A livelihood approach. Westminster Bridge Road London United Kingdom.