Between Revenge and Reconciliation: A Cultural Reading of Alex La Guma’s The Stone Country and Nadine Gordimer’s July’s People
Keywords:apartheid, black, racial discrimination, reconciliation, revenge, South Africa(n), white
This paper examines how the South African writers of Apartheid—Alex La Guma and Nadine Gordimer—approach, in their novels The Stone Country and July’s People, the concern of racial evils brought by the discriminatory regime in South Africa. The study puts in confrontation two writers of different racial backgrounds and gender to explore how they capture the issue of racism that is corroding the South African society in its social, economical, cultural, ethnic, religious and racial ensemble. In fact, while La Guma is a coloured (black) male writer, his counterpart Gordimer is a white female writer. This racial attribute that distinguishes the two writers is particularly significant and plays a greater role in the analytical process to identify the common point they share and the point of divergence that renders them polar while approaching the same issue of racism. The discussion is guided by a Cultural approach of Foucault (1972) to understand the various instances found in the works that reflect cultural and social dynamics that pertain to the two warring communities (black and white) which populate South Africa. In the end, regardless of racial background, it is observed that both writers converge on the same idea that racism is a dehumanising and destructive evil that needs a quick action to stop and eradicate its aftermaths. However, the ways to achieve its eradication vary from one to another—La Guma basing on revenge and violence while Gordimer seeking for reconciliation to end racial discrimination.
Ellison, R. (1992). Invisible Man. New York: International Publishers Co.
Gordimer, N. (1981). July’s People. Pretoria: Sigma Press Ltd
La Guma, A. (1967). The Stone Country. London: Heinemann Educational Books Ltd
Brutus, D. (1991). Protest and Conflict in African Literature. London: Penguin Books Ltd
Foucault, M. (1972). The Archeology of Knowledge and the Discourse on Language. New York: Pantheon Books
Gordimer, N. (1978). The Late Bourgeois World. London: Heinemann Educational Books Ltd
La Guma, A. (1962). A Walk in the Night. Ibadan: Mbari Publications
Tomson, M. B. (1989). Black Identity. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Zouiche, F. (2002). The Novels of Chinua Achebe. Revue des sciences humaines, 3(1), 208-216
How to Cite
This open-access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 license.
You are free to: Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format. Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.
Under the following terms: Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
No additional restrictions: You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.