Nairobi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences https://royalliteglobal.com/njhs <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Nairobi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences</strong> is a peer reviewed interdisciplinary journal that publishes empirical and theoretical research papers in the fields of humanities and social sciences such as anthropology, business studies, communication studies, cultural studies, development studies, economics, education, film studies, geography, history, information science, linguistics, literature, library studies, media studies, philosophy, psychology, sociology, performing arts (music, theatre &amp; dance), religious studies, visual arts, and women studies among others.&nbsp;</p> Royallite Global en-US Nairobi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences 2520-4009 <p class="copyright-statement" style="text-align: justify;">This open-access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution <strong>(CC-BY-NC-SA)</strong> license.</p> <p class="licensing" style="text-align: justify;"><strong>You are free to:</strong> Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.</p> <p class="licensing" style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Adapt</strong> — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. </p> <p class="licensing" style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Under the following terms:</strong> </p> <p class="licensing" style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Attribution</em></strong> — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. </p> <p class="licensing" style="text-align: justify;"><em><strong>No additional restrictions</strong></em> You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.</p> Uchanganuzi wa mafumbo katika nyimbo za taarab za Siti Binti Saad https://royalliteglobal.com/njhs/article/view/711 <p>Makala hii imeangaza muhutasari wa nyimbo na maana ya mafumbo yanayojitokeza katika nyimbo za Taarab za Siti Binti Saad. Maana ya mafumbo katika nyimbo hizi yamehusishwa na utamaduni wa Waswahili katika Upwa wa Afrika Mashariki. Utafiti huu umeongozwa na nadharia ya Semiotiki na ile ya Mtindo. Utafiti huu ulikuwa wa nyanjani na wa maktabani. Kuna data za msingi ambazo zilikusanywa nyanjani na za upili ambazo zilipatikana kwenye vitabu maktabani. Nyimbo ziliteuliwa kimakusudi kwa vile ni nyimbo zilizojulikana sana. Makala haya yaliwasilishwa kwa njia ya maelezo ili kubainisha aina mbalimbali za mafumbo. Katika ufafanuzi wa mafumbo katika nyimbo hizi maudhui ainati yalijitokeza. Kazi hii inalenga kuwafaidi wanafunzi wa fasihi katika uelewaji wa jinsi ya kuchanganua mafumbo. Vilevile, nyimbo za Siti zitaweza kuhifadhiwa kupitia kwa utafiti huu. Makala hii itakuwa kumbukumbu ya nyimbo za Siti. </p> Job Juma Rocha Chimerah Yakobo Mutiti Copyright (c) 2022 Job Juma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2022-01-02 2022-01-02 6 1 Pragmatic study of political hate speeches in selected newspapers in Nigeria https://royalliteglobal.com/njhs/article/view/715 <p>This paper examines, from the perspective of pragmatics, political hate speeches made by Nigerians between 2013 and 2015. It specifically explores the pragma-semantic import of the selected political hate speeches made by Nigerians in order to identify their illocutionary forces and the anticipated perlocutionary effects. The Speech Act Theory (SAT) by Searle (1969) is used as the theoretical framework for this study. The data of the study were retrieved from selected Nigerian newspapers and magazines between 2013 and 2015. Seven (7) political hate speeches from selected Newspapers were selected for analysis in this paper. The findings of this study reveal that political hate speeches perform both explicit and implicit functions. The study also observes that hate speeches from political speeches are mainly sentences that are Assertives with a total percentage of 35.7%, while 28.6% of the speeches are Expressives, 21.4% Directives, and 14.3% Commissives. Commissives and assertives are mainly used to attack and threaten opposition. This shows the high level of hatred that exists between the diverse ethnic groups as well as political parties with different political interests. From this point of view, this paper suggests awareness campaigns on the implications of hate speeches, democracy and good leadership in the country so as to protect the nation's democracy as well as maintain its peace and unity.</p> Hameed Asiru Ibrahim Copyright (c) 2022 Hameed Asiru, Ibrahim Babangida https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2022-01-13 2022-01-13 6 1 The Impact of Floods on Kenyan Women: A critical review of Media Coverage, Institutional response and Opportunities for Gender responsive Mitigation https://royalliteglobal.com/njhs/article/view/732 <p>Kenya is perennially exposed to floods, landslides and drought &nbsp;due to effects of climate change. Flooding is particularly rampant in Western Kenya and women are disproportionately affected due the important roles they play in rural economies particularly in Agriculture, the informal sector as well as household survival. The media is always at hand to capture the details of the catastrophe with press reports highlighting the specific experiences of individuals, and the prevailing conditions of the affected villages including: destruction of shelter, displacement&nbsp; and loss of&nbsp; livelihoods. Similarly, Government and Non–Governmental agencies move into the affected Communities to provide the much needed support. This study reviews existing institutional and media coverage reports specific to flood related vulnerabilities among women in Western Kenya. Notably, women experience specific difficulties in performing their traditional family roles and are often unable to meet their personal hygiene and sanitation needs but are largely missing from the decision forums where Disaster Risk Reduction is discussed leading to lack of prioritization of their specific needs. The study informs on gender responsive mitigation efforts and resilience capacity building.</p> Elizabeth Ochola Marygorety Otieno Copyright (c) 2022 Elizabeth Ochola, Marygorety Otieno https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2022-02-08 2022-02-08 6 1