Nairobi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences https://royalliteglobal.com/njhs <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Nairobi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences</strong> is a peer reviewed interdisciplinary journal that publishes empirical and theoretical research papers in the fields of humanities and social sciences such as anthropology, business studies, communication studies, cultural studies, development studies, economics, education, film studies, geography, history, information science, linguistics, literature, library studies, media studies, philosophy, psychology, sociology, performing arts (music, theatre &amp; dance), religious studies, visual arts, and women studies among others.&nbsp;</p> Royallite Global en-US Nairobi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences 2520-4009 <p class="copyright-statement">This open-access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 license.</p> <p class="licensing"><strong>You are free to:</strong>&nbsp;Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format. Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.&nbsp;<strong>Under the following terms:</strong>&nbsp;Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.&nbsp;<strong>No additional restrictions</strong>&nbsp;You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.</p> Examining the Historical Changes Influencing the Knowledge Attitudes, Beliefs and Practices on Sexuality, Child-Bearing and Abortion https://royalliteglobal.com/njhs/article/view/86 <p>Abortion is not a recent phenomenon. Throughout human history, abortion has been practiced for one reason or another.&nbsp; In the context of traditional African society such as the Luo society, abortion is abhorred because life is regarded as sacred and devoid of human control. Morally, the problem of abortion touches on human life because it entails its destruction and involves risks to the aborting woman. The study sought to examine the changes that have taken place historically which have changed the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices regarding sexuality, having children and abortion among the Luo of Migori County. It is assumed that the breakdown of traditional normative order due partly to socio-cultural, economic and moral changes is probably the single most important factor leading to the relative prevalence of abortion in the sub-county. The study used key informants and focus group discussions as methods of data collection using purposive sampling. The key findings included; there is breakdown in the society where beliefs, attitudes and perspectives on sexuality, child bearing have completely changed as a result of Christianity, urbanisation and mixed marriages between different communities. Above all there is a lack of cohesion and diminishing knowledge on human preservation.</p> Caroline Marygorety Akinyi Otieno Copyright (c) 2020 Caroline Marygorety Akinyi Otieno https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2020-03-30 2020-03-30 4 2 4 25 Solutions à la révolte des adolescents à Taaw et au miroir de la vie: un retour aux perspectives de réforme sociale https://royalliteglobal.com/njhs/article/view/89 <p>Cet article relève les défis posés dans les deux articles précédents mettant en relief la rébellion des adolescents occidentalisés, une situation qui sonne le drame de l’humanité. Les adolescents en question ne sont que des êtres-papiers qui n’existent que dans l’univers romanesque.&nbsp; Les défis dont il s’agit &nbsp;se rapporte à la recherche des vraies solutions à l’insurrection de ces adolescents que les écrivains Sembène Ousmane et sa compatriote Aminata Maïga Ka nous faire part dans leurs univers romanesques respectifs&nbsp;: <em>Taaw</em> et <em>Le Miroir de la vie</em>. S’inscrivant dans la sociocritique et dans l’écriture de la démaîtrise, l’article réverbère des mesures qui sont à la fois préventives et curatives que les deux écrivains mettent en relief dans leurs romans respectifs. Présentées en tandem avec les ressorts principaux de la révolte, les mesures s’avèrent très importantes d’autant qu’elles ne s’aventurent pas seulement dans l’histoire et dans les idéologies africaines afin de déconstruire le schéma initiatique traditionnel de l’Africain ou d’autre peuple semblable mais aussi cherchent à remanier favorablement les fibres sociopolitiques de l’Afrique post-indépendante pour une véritable émancipation dans la stabilité. Les mesures qui se rapportent à la prise de responsabilités par les parents aussi bien que par les autorités politiques ou locales donnent sur la reforme sociale. Au faite, l’écrasement de l’immobilisme traditionnel, la lutte contre la famine et la sécheresse, l’aménagement du marché d’emploi, le resserrement de la protection sociale, l’abolition du néocolonialisme et autres qui ressortent des mesures constituent les éléments inéluctables de la réforme. Littéraire, l’étude repose largement sur les données issues des deux romans et ensuite sur des faits sociaux qui nous entourent aussi bien que d’autres sources fiables.</p> Patrick Adamptey Copyright (c) 2020 Patrick Adamptey https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2020-04-01 2020-04-01 4 2 Impact of School Climate and Home Background on Performance of Students in English Language in Volta Region of Ghana https://royalliteglobal.com/njhs/article/view/95 <p>The essay investigated various factors which affect students’ performance in English language. As such, the performance of students in English is very important for the academic progression of every student. English is the main language used for instruction in all subjects in the school thus the performance in English is paramount for all students who do well in their academic work. This study is important in bringing out the strategies that enable teachers and students work on improving the performance of English in their schools. Further the study serves as an eye opener to the leadership of Senior High Schools on best practices that would help them improve performance of English in their schools and schools across Ghana,. In addition, the results of the study have the potential of helping educators and policy makers to come up with school policies that help in enhancing performance of English in Senior High Schools. The results are also of great significance for both the academia and practice. For academia, the work contributes to existing literature on factors influencing students’ performance in English language in the secondary schools, and for practice, educators can benefit from the recommendations of the study. Findings of this study pointed out to further studies on the factors influencing students’ performance in English language in the Senior High Schools across the country.</p> Martina Adzo Kpornu Copyright (c) 2020 Martina Adzo Kpornu https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2020-04-02 2020-04-02 4 2