Nairobi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences 2020-10-22T13:12:19+00:00 John Mugubi Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Nairobi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences</strong> is a peer reviewed interdisciplinary journal that publishes empirical and theoretical research papers in the fields of humanities and social sciences such as anthropology, business studies, communication studies, cultural studies, development studies, economics, education, film studies, geography, history, information science, linguistics, literature, library studies, media studies, philosophy, psychology, sociology, performing arts (music, theatre &amp; dance), religious studies, visual arts, and women studies among others.&nbsp;</p> Are the humanities really ‘A Wheel Turning Nothing' in the global fight against the COVID-19 pandemic? 2020-09-06T23:47:20+00:00 Dickson Adom <p>The humanities disciplines have been criticized as insignificant in the global efforts toward the fight against the coronavirus. This might probably be as a result of the age-long devaluation of humanities and the exaggeration of the contributions of the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) disciplines by policymakers. The archival and evidence-based research methods guided the careful examination of historical documents, published articles, news reports, and speeches on the humanities and STEM disciplines. Extensive document analysis of more than thirty literature in the humanities that have contributed significantly to solving the multi-faceted problems of the COVID-19 was carried out. The findings revealed that the humanities’ disciplines such as religion, psychology, literature, visual and performing arts, economics, and many others, have offered alternative approaches in alleviating the challenges of the COVID-19. The study concludes that the purported stagnation of the humanities in the fight against the COVID-19 is unfounded and baseless. It recommends that policymakers and administrators of academic institutions must consider the humanities field as very important, assigning it the same value as the STEM disciplines in terms of research funding and resource allocation to ensure sustainable global development.</p> 2020-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Dickson Adom Using SQ3R to improve KPCE demonstration junior high students’ reading ability of expository texts 2020-09-09T16:52:29+00:00 Henry Kwao Ayitey Margaret Nyaniba Baiden <p>This study investigated how effective the SQ3R technique could be used in improving Kibi (KPCE) Demonstration Junior High students’ reading ability of expository texts. Using the simple random sampling, 45 students were selected to study the baseline performance of the students in reading comprehension, a pre-test was conducted after which twelve students were taught the intervention comprehension lessons using the SQ3R reading strategy.&nbsp; A post-test was also conducted after the intervention to see whether there was an improvement in the performance of the students.&nbsp; SPSS statistical software was used to calculate the mean value of both tests. The study discovered that p value p&lt;0.05 and df=44, the ‘t’ value for the two means for matched groups was 6.7. This means that students’ performance in the post-test was much better than in the pre-test. This performance therefore was attributed to the intervention used. The study concluded that SQ3R is a better strategy for improving junior high students’ reading comprehension ability of expository texts; hence it should be encouraged in teaching comprehension.</p> 2020-09-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Henry Kwao Ayitey, Margaret Nyaniba Baiden Perceptions and attitudes of Secretaryship and Management Studies students towards teaching and learning of French in the Ho Technical University 2020-10-22T13:12:19+00:00 James Kofi Agbo Jonas Kwabla Fiadzawoo Joy Afua Agama <p>This study examines the perceptions and the attitudes of students towards the teaching and learning of French in the Ho Technical University. Online questionnaire was used to collect data from 94 students who were purposively selected from the Department of Secretaryship &amp; Management Studies. The participants were asked to respond to the online self-structured modified questionnaire comprising 22 statements on the five-point Likert scale. The descriptive survey research design was employed to elicit information from respondents through an online platform. The data was analyzed quantitatively and was presented using frequency counts and percentages. The study revealed that most of the respondents (90%) perceived learning of French language to be difficult or very difficult and the majority 54(57.5% had difficulty in oral expressions. It was also revealed that more than half of the respondents, 24(25.5%) and 37(39.4%) either agreed or strongly agreed that they have strong desires to learn French and believed that the knowledge of the language is key to job avenues. This demonstrates that the students have positive attitudes towards learning French and are eager to improve on its usage. However, they indicated that they lack learning materials and there are a lot of demands on their time due to other courses they cope with. The study recommends to French lecturers &nbsp;to use innovative methods to motivate their students and as well, institutions and curriculum planners are advised to create opportunities for constant practice of the language and provide learning materials to enhance students’ learning.</p> 2020-10-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 James Kofi Agbo, Jonas Kwabla Fiadzawoo, Joy Afua Agama African Masculinities: Discussing the men in Shoneyin’s The Secret Lives of Baba Segi’s Wives (2013) and Adebayo’s Stay with Me (2017) 2020-10-11T17:00:45+00:00 Faith Ben-Daniels Nathaniel Glover-Meni <p>This essay undertakes an often-overlooked aspect of gender anatomy of African literature, bringing to the fore the challenges faced by a segment of African men. Using masculinity theories, it exposes instances of fake men who cling to hegemony as the pathway to achieve glory, while hiding their infirmities—impotency and sterility. The paper makes the case that the concept of African masculinity should be open up to debate in order to bring to the fore tensions associated with it. It articulates the position that mimicry should no longer be used as a power and glory mask to overlook tensions in many families often leading to tragic consequences granted that African men were to be innovative to adopt Western health standards. The discussion is achieved by looking at two key roles of males in African societies that places an unnecessary burden on them—as men in the sense that they should be able to biologically produce children and men as heads of their respective homes. The paper concludes that as long as these masculine roles remain rigid without considering that there are men who cannot perform these functions due to no fault of theirs, their female counterparts cannot be free of unnecessary and unfair socio-cultural responsibilities.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2020-09-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Faith Ben-Daniels, Nathaniel Glover-Meni The Paradox of Face Threats in Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr’s Speeches 2020-10-22T13:11:11+00:00 Cosmas Rai Amenorvi <p>This paper sought to find out how face-threatening acts are employed as a rhetorical strategy of persuasion to achieve positive effects by Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr in their speeches. Using the politeness theory and particularly its face-threatening acts as the theoretical framework, speeches of Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr were purposively sampled from Carson and Shepard (2001) and Malcolm (2020, 1990) and analysed with focus on the face threats in these speeches and how they are strategically conveyed to produce the unnatural positive effects of face threats. Findings reveal that both Malcolm and King employ potential face threats in their speeches. However, they employ various rhetorical strategies such as language beauty, self-inclusion, artistic self-contradiction to soften the harshness of their face threats, thereby achieving approval from their audience. Moreover, though Malcolm and King both use face threats as a persuasive tactic in their speeches, they differ markedly in the way they do it; Malcolm is more direct with his face threats while King prefers the indirect style, and it is only Malcolm who uses point-blank expletives or insults as face threats in his speeches. This study has two implications: it pushes the boundaries of the politeness theory in supporting the call that face threats can achieve positive effects, it also shows that even before the politeness theory gained ground orators such and Malcolm and King had employed its concept in their speeches, revealing the indelible statuses they have left as two of the world’s greatest orators.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-10-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Cosmas Rai Amenorvi