Research Journal in Modern Languages and Literatures <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Research Journal in Modern Languages and Literatures</strong> is a leading interdisciplinary peer-reviewed journal that publishes original research works across the breadths of Literatures and Languages. The journal has a mission to make research and knowledge accessible to all; authors, therefore, benefit from high visibility and readership for their work. The journal's broad aims and scope allow researchers to explore interconnected subject areas. Each article on this particular issue has been evaluated on its own scholarly merit and research integrity, and our expert academic editors take an objective and constructive approach to peer review.&nbsp;</p> en-US <p class="copyright-statement">This open-access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 license.</p> <p class="licensing"><strong>You are free to:</strong> </p> <p class="licensing"><strong>Share</strong> — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.</p> <p class="licensing"><strong>Adapt</strong> — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. </p> <p class="licensing"><strong>Under the following terms:</strong> Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. </p> <p class="licensing"><strong>No additional restrictions:</strong> You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.</p> (Amos O. Ojwang') (AMOS OJWANG) Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Living on the seam of two worlds: Reconstructing history through memory and oral ontology in Rasipuram Narayanaswami’s The Guide <p>This paper examines how R. K.Narayan depicts the pre-colonial India and the effects of colonial intrusion in the Indian society. In <em>The Guide</em> the Indian past is embodied in the peoples collective memory which is reflected in arts, specific locations, myths, legends and spatial configurations. Narayan through the use of oral ontology gives a succinct presentation of the gradual erosion of the Indian culture and the dismemberment of the Indian people. The paper adopts a textual analysis, anchoring on Ngugi’s approach on memory in <em>Something Torn and New</em> to explore how Narayan in <em>The Guide</em> questions the hegemonic discourse that redefines the issues of civilization and the European claim of being a superior culture. In the novel, Narayan has memorialized “immaterial sites of memories” which are oral ontologies in the form of dances, songs, myths, folktales, ceremonies, proverbs and material sites of memory such as statues, inscriptions on caves, artifacts especially of the Indian culture to showcase the need to replace the colonial memory with Indian collective memory.</p> Fatima Inuwa Copyright (c) 2020 Amos O. Ojwang' Sun, 27 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Postcolonial tensions in a fictitious African State: The unconventional first-person point of view in Anthills of the Savannah (1987) <p>In the three decades, or so, postdating the attainment of independence in Africa, a whirlwind of coup d'états ravaged many African countries. A subject which Chinua Achebe explores in Anthills of the Savannah. This article explores post-colonial tensions in the novel’s fictionalized state of Kangan, as postulated by two of the three first person narrator-characters. By applying the textual methodology of close reading and anchored on American Formalism, particularly on the tenets of Robert Kellogg and Robert Scholes’ nature of the narrative and Percy Lubbock’s craft of fiction, the article argues that spatial and temporal positionality of the character-narrator informs narrative perspective. Aware that the two of the three first person narrators, under discussion in the article, die before their narrative is articulated, the article explores this unconventional first person point of view by making a critical review of Chris Oriko’s complicit positionality to the explosive events of Kangan on the one hand and the ideological idealism of Ikem Osodi on the other to foreground the implausibility of their having to survive the fatalistic logic of the tensions in Kangan, hence their physical vacation of the narrative space, and yet, their retention&nbsp; as&nbsp; witnesses to the tragedy.</p> George Obara Nyandoro Copyright (c) 2020 George Obara Nyandoro Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Political-discourse interactions and sustainable peace in Nigeria <p>Political-discourse interactions between government officials and citizen are increasingly becoming common discourse events in Nigeria. There is seemingly nothing unfamiliar about political discourse events, but what needs clarification is the extent to which political discourse interactions foster and or enhance sustainable peace. This study, however, investigated the political-discourse events of ‘The Ministerial Platforms’ and ‘National Good Governance Tours’ of Nigeria to determine how they enhance sustainable peace. Djik’s Action theory and Halliday’s Systemic Functional Linguistics served as theoretical frameworks. Analysis revealed that increased political-Discourse interactions between government officials and the citizenry shortened the gap between the governed and those who govern, thus bridging disharmony, disillusionment, apathy, agitations and grievances through information eliciting strategy realised through probing by questioning, Emotive embedded strategy through entreaties by pleas, Campaign strategy through agitations by direct demands and Affirmative Strategy through applauses and commendations, as what the citizenry used.</p> Abaya Henry Demenongo Copyright (c) 2020 Abaya Henry Demenongo Thu, 19 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0000 A stylistic investigation of selected internet discourses as tools for national development <p>Pictorial and verbal representative forms are a common phenomenon in internet discourse. Previous studies have looked at the linguistic - stylistic features of internet discourse, and also how internet language affects everyday use of language, but have not adequately accounted for the communicative effect of using pictures and videos with verbal forms in internet discourse. This paper investigated Twitter and Instagram to explore the stylistic form of combining pictorial and verbal representations to create meanings and examined the extent to which these combinations of visuals and written texts in internet discourse serve as tools for national development. Data was sourced from Twitter and Instagram purposively, for their handling of national issues. The theoretical framework for data analysis rest on systemic functional&nbsp; multimodal discourse analysis&nbsp; (SF-MDA) - by (Kress and van Leeuwen 1996/2006), which considers the communicative function and effects of pictures, videos, arts (visual devices) in the media. Findings indicate that participants in internet discourse decisively expend the multimodal resources available to them on those platforms to communicate creativity, create awareness for goods and services available, share and create professional synergies, skills, and prowess, circulate news and information and also lend a voice to social and national issues that arise: quite often seeking for action or redress beyond the internet thereby fostering national unity, checkmating the activities of authorities and expanding youth empowerment and sector development in the nation. Verbal and visual elements pose a very high communicative value and enhance meaning making in internet discourse.</p> Pamela Pam Copyright (c) 2020 Pamela Pam Thu, 19 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Sexist paradox in the names of female perfumes: A critical stylistic analysis of selected products <p style="text-align: justify;">Naming of cosmetic products is vital to continuous customer patronage. Therefore marketers have adopted various stylistic devices which include clipping, nominalization, ellipsis, abbreviations etc in naming their products since they are limited by space provided for labelling. This study, however,&nbsp; attempted to reveal an ideological paradox by using critical stylistic devices to show how women have been stereotyped, objectified and at the same time assigned power roles which contradict sexism. Previous related studies have examined sexist portrayals of women in names of perfumes and found that women were only represented as sex objects and victims ignoring other possibilities. This study has not only debunked such sexist roles but&nbsp; also showed how these names of perfumes have assigned power to women presenting us with a case of a sexist paradox. The study adopted Jeffries' critical stylistic framework as its core theoretical grid. A total of 134 female perfume names were collated from an online shopping mall to serve as data for the qualitative analysis carried out. &nbsp;The study found out that some names of female perfumes align with the ideology that ‘sex sells’ in advertising. It also established the idea that perfume names assign power to women depicting them as the stronger sex. This study concluded that women are meant to own their sexuality as reflected in the nominalization perfume names which convey positive ideology.</p> Ayotunde Mamudu Copyright (c) 2020 Ayotunde Mamudu Wed, 15 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 English prepositions: Corpus linguistic methods and pedagogy for Nigerian students <p>This paper investigated five most frequently used prepositions in Nigerian English as presented in the ICE-Nigeria (International Corpus of English, Nigeria) database – <em>of, in, for, on </em>and<em> at. </em>Prepositions are a delicate linguistic category whose complex nature can be difficult for an L2 user of English partly because of their polysemous nature and the general lack of one-on-one equivalents or renditions in indigenous languages. Evidence from the analyses in this paper reveals that English prepositions when translated into Nigerian languages (Yoruba, Hausa and Igbo) are rendered as prepositions, adverbials, particles and sometimes a null category. Teachers of English language and communication experts are saddled with the responsibility of being linguistic models who must make deliberate efforts to master the appropriate us of prepositions. An eclectic approach of using strategies and methods in Corpus Linguistics (maximising concordance and collocation patterns), Cognitive Linguistic theory (using pictures, proto-type approach), has been suggested for ameliorating the enigma of mastering and explaining prepositions in an English as Second Language or Foreign language learning context.</p> Abel Eleojo Ochika Copyright (c) 2020 Abel Eleojo Ochika Thu, 19 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0000