https://royalliteglobal.com/languages-and-literatures/issue/feed Research Journal in Modern Languages and Literatures 2020-04-05T11:53:37+00:00 Amos O. Ojwang' info@royalliteglobal.com Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Research Journal in Modern Languages and Literatures</strong> is a leading interdisciplinary peer-reviewed journal that publishes original research works across the breadths of Literatures and Languages. The journal has a mission to make research and knowledge accessible to all; authors, therefore, benefit from high visibility and readership for their work. The journal's broad aims and scope allow researchers to explore interconnected subject areas. Each article on this particular issue has been evaluated on its own scholarly merit and research integrity, and our expert academic editors take an objective and constructive approach to peer review.&nbsp;</p> https://royalliteglobal.com/languages-and-literatures/article/view/56 Révolte des adolescents dans Taaw de Sembene Ousmane 2020-03-06T07:46:45+00:00 Patrick Adamptey info@royalliteglobal.com <p>Le travail met de la lumière sur l’éternel&nbsp; conflit de générations où l’ancienne génération, représentée par les aînés dont l’âge et le vécu leur insufflent l’autorité, s’affronte avec la nouvelle génération, constituée de jeunes gens, l’’étude véhicule les vrais problèmes et soucis des jeunes africains et du continent. L’étude ne met pas seulement en exergue les diverses manières telles que l’insolence et l’antagonisme et l’antagonisme avec les aînés voire d’autres adolescents mais aussi se tâche de tracer l’origine de la rébellion des adolescents occidentalisés auprès d’une famille africaine enracinée dans le patriarcat. Ce faisant, le travail culpabilise une multiplicité de facteurs&nbsp;: l’irresponsabilité paternelle, la violence contre la femme, le cancan de la gérontocratie aussi bien que la difficulté que l’adolescent, futur parent éprouve dans sa quête d’entrer dans la vie active. En outre, l’influence de l’occident par le biais de l’école et du média, sans oublier aussi la délicatesse de l’adolescence, &nbsp;y joue également un rôle prépondérant dans la révolte. A travers les cibles d’attaque et les divers méfaits qui en découlent, la révolte faisant l’objet de cette étude met l’humanité en garde, à travers des personnages fictifs dont des adolescents révoltés tels que Taaw (le personnage éponyme), Mam Ass, Mbengue et Astou Ngom dans l’univers romanesque de Sembene Ousmane, qu’un avenir angoissant l’attend si elle n’y prend pas des mesures curatives et préventives pour contrecarrer la révolte qui sans cesse déchire les sociétés. Le travail dénonce toutefois les moyens négatifs par lesquels la société réagit à&nbsp; l’insurrection des jeunes africains&nbsp;: le renvoi de l’adolescent révolté du bercail, l’invocation de malédiction sur le révolté, le déploiement inopportun des forces de sécurité pour son appréhension. S’inspirant de la sociocritique et de l’écriture de violence, le travail se nourrit pleinement des informations issues du roman <em>Taaw</em>, d’autres écrits littéraires ou non ainsi que des faits sociaux qui nous entourent.</p> 2020-03-06T07:46:44+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Research Journal in Modern Languages and Literatures https://royalliteglobal.com/languages-and-literatures/article/view/70 Investigating the Morpho-Syntactic Antecedents of the Auxiliary Category in Universal Grammar 2020-04-02T20:55:33+00:00 Bemgba Pillass Agber bemgbapila@gmail.com <p>The theory of universal grammar presupposes that language is a universal property of the individual human mind, and that all humans have the capacity for language known as the ‘language faculty’. Hence, universal grammar deals with general properties of natural languages found everywhere in the world, not with the idiosyncrasies of a particular language. Given that the auxiliary verb is an unusually unique linguistic item of English, this study investigates its presence and morpho-syntactic antecedents in other languages of the world as a basis to test for its universal antecedents. The languages studied here are, like English, all head-initial languages. The data is small but the complexities and dynamism of the morpho-syntactic status of the auxiliary verb in these languages, in relation to English, makes for an interesting and an adventurous foray into the investigation of its universality. The result indicates that the auxiliary verb has universal morpho-syntactc antecedents, although with sporadic lexical and functional independence in other languages, and that unlike in English, the form of the modal subclass in these other languages is subject to inflection.</p> 2020-03-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Bemgba Pillass Agber https://royalliteglobal.com/languages-and-literatures/article/view/71 Lexico-Semantic Devices and Contextual Meaning in Kofi Awoonor’s This Earth, My Brother and Comes the Voyager at Last 2020-03-18T17:01:18+00:00 Priscilla Queen Kparevzua queenandy@yahoo.com <p>Literal and implied meanings are inherent in literary texts and studies abound, that have examined how intended meanings are construed and understood, in various texts adopting various semantic and pragmatic principles. However, this study investigated Kofi Awoonor’s two literary texts: This Earth My Brother and Comes the Voyager at Last, to determine the lexico-semantic choices deployed and how such features enhance meaning in the texts. This is to enhance the comprehension of intended meanings in the texts as scholars have described the texts as not easily accessible as it is written in poetic renditions. The study adopts the pragmatic principle from Mey’s perspective as a theoretical framework to account for contextual meaning(s), and complements that with M.A.K Halliday’s Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL), to explain lexico-semantic realization of construed and/or intended text meaning(s). The findings showed that lexical items are deployed in texts to point to meaning(s), argument(s), motives and goals of the researched texts. The lexical items lead to the understanding of the major theme(s) of texts. Some of the lexical features that occurred luxuriantly relate to concepts such as decay, corruption, death, slavery, native/home land, oppression, and freedom. The findings of this study concluded that lexico-semantic devices and context contribute greatly in enhancing the understanding of the study texts.</p> 2020-03-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Priscilla Queen Kparevzua https://royalliteglobal.com/languages-and-literatures/article/view/73 Functions of Secondary Texts in the Depiction of Characters in Wole Soyinka’s The Lion and The Jewel and Olarotimi’s Ovonramwen Nogbaisi 2020-03-19T11:41:27+00:00 Oluwatoyin Umar info@royalliteglobal.com <p>Drama texts have both dramatic and narrative elements, which are presented in the primary and secondary texts of a written play. This study examines the narrative role of the secondary dramatic texts in the portrayal of characters in Wole Soyinka’s <em>The Lion and the Jewel</em> and Ola Rotimi’s <em>Ovonramwen Nogbaisi</em>.&nbsp; The study adopts the School of Poetic Drama’s theory of Narratology to explore the narrative function of secondary texts in written drama. Through a textual analysis of the secondary texts of the two plays, the study has shown that stage directions, speech prefixes, stage props and stage set, expose deeper dimensions to characters’ actions and reactions in the selected plays. It concludes that, close reading and interpretation of the secondary texts in the plays provides important information on character development, motives and traits, which contribute to in-depth understanding on the characters. The study contributes to existing knowledge on characterization, which are based essentially on the primary texts of the plays.</p> 2020-03-19T11:16:23+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Oluwatoyin Umar https://royalliteglobal.com/languages-and-literatures/article/view/74 The Nigerian Pidgin English: A Tool for National Integration 2020-04-03T09:51:34+00:00 Onome Ojo onomski2207@yahoo.com Florence Taiye Ogunjimi taiwoflo.tf@gmail.com <p>The fact that Nigeria is a multilingual and multicultural speech community is no longer new. Hence, the need for a national language to foster national unity and peace has been a debate among linguistic scholars. Because of its diverse tongues, all indigenous languages (especially the "big three" - Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba) have been ruled out as possible solutions to Nigeria's national language problem. This paper therefore is concerned with providing sufficient facts that the Nigerian Pidgin English can contribute to the national development of Nigeria as a whole. Heedful of this, this paper adopts that the Nigerian Pidgin English is the possible language capable of providing common intelligibility among all based on the following evaluations - it is devoid of ethno political affiliation, it's grammar, syntax and phonology are purely Nigerian, it is the most proximate language among the low, middle and high class, it is being used in the media and even in literary texts. Conclusively, this paper suggests that the Nigerian Pidgin English holds the key to foster unity and national integration.</p> 2020-03-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Onome Ojo, Florence Taiye Ogunjimi https://royalliteglobal.com/languages-and-literatures/article/view/75 Evaluating Adeyemi’s Children of Blood and Bone through Magic Realist Lenses 2020-04-02T22:34:10+00:00 Wandama Wadinga wandadinga@gmail.com <p>There is a growing interest in science fiction, afrofuturism, and supernatural tales. With this background, it is imperative that literary studies should identify and situate these narratives to enhance further scholarship. This paper examines Tomi Adeyemi’s <em>Children of Blood and Bone</em> from the perspective of the generic family resemblance with magical realism. It seeks to identify the divergence and similarities between the genres and provides proof as to where this novel fits. The theoretical framework for the study is Magical Realism. The methodology is a textual analysis of <em>Children of Blood and Bone</em>. The findings of this paper prove that this novel is rooted, according to theory, into fantasy literature and not magical realism. The study concludes that Adeyemi’s novel is highly commendable as a narrative and is malleable to different approaches.</p> 2020-03-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Wandama Wadinga https://royalliteglobal.com/languages-and-literatures/article/view/91 English Prepositions: Corpus Linguistic Methods and Pedagogy for Nigerian Students 2020-04-02T21:59:18+00:00 Abel Eleojo Ochika oabel3@gmail.com <p>This paper investigated five most frequently used prepositions in Nigerian English as presented in the ICE-Nigeria (International Corpus of English, Nigeria) database – <em>of, in, for, on </em>and<em> at. </em>Prepositions are a delicate linguistic category whose complex nature can be difficult for an L2 user of English partly because of their polysemous nature and the general lack of one-on-one equivalents or renditions in indigenous languages. Evidence from the analyses in this paper reveals that English prepositions when translated into Nigerian languages (Yoruba, Hausa and Igbo) are rendered as prepositions, adverbials, particles and sometimes a null category. Teachers of English language and communication experts are saddled with the responsibility of being linguistic models who must make deliberate efforts to master the appropriate us of prepositions. An eclectic approach of using strategies and methods in Corpus Linguistics (maximising concordance and collocation patterns), Cognitive Linguistic theory (using pictures, proto-type approach), has been suggested for ameliorating the enigma of mastering and explaining prepositions in an English as Second Language or Foreign language learning context.</p> 2020-03-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Abel Eleojo Ochika https://royalliteglobal.com/languages-and-literatures/article/view/92 A Stylistic Investigation of Selected Internet Discourses as Tools for National Development 2020-04-02T22:18:34+00:00 Pamela Pam pampa@unijos.edu.ng <p>Pictorial and verbal representative forms are a common phenomenon in internet discourse. Previous studies have looked at the linguistic - stylistic features of internet discourse, and also how internet language affects everyday use of language, but have not adequately accounted for the communicative effect of using pictures and videos with verbal forms in internet discourse. This paper investigated Twitter and Instagram to explore the stylistic form of combining pictorial and verbal representations to create meanings and examined the extent to which these combinations of visuals and written texts in internet discourse serve as tools for national development. Data was sourced from Twitter and Instagram purposively, for their handling of national issues. The theoretical framework for data analysis rest on systemic functional&nbsp; multimodal discourse analysis&nbsp; (SF-MDA) - by (Kress and van Leeuwen 1996/2006), which considers the communicative function and effects of pictures, videos, arts (visual devices) in the media. Findings indicate that participants in internet discourse decisively expend the multimodal resources available to them on those platforms to communicate creativity, create awareness for goods and services available, share and create professional synergies, skills, and prowess, circulate news and information and also lend a voice to social and national issues that arise: quite often seeking for action or redress beyond the internet thereby fostering national unity, checkmating the activities of authorities and expanding youth empowerment and sector development in the nation. Verbal and visual elements pose a very high communicative value and enhance meaning making in internet discourse.</p> 2020-03-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Pamela Pam https://royalliteglobal.com/languages-and-literatures/article/view/93 Sexist Paradox in the Names of Female Perfumes: A Critical Stylistic Analysis of Selected Products 2020-04-02T22:23:29+00:00 Ayotunde Mamudu info@royalliteglobal.com <p>Naming of cosmetic products is vital to continuous customer patronage. Therefore marketers have adopted some stylistic devices which include clipping, nominalization, ellipsis, abbreviations etc in naming their products since they are limited by space provided for labelling. More importantly to this study has been an attempt to reveal an ideological paradox by using critical stylistic devices to show how women have been stereotyped, objectified and at the same time assigned power roles which contradicts sexism. Previous related studies have examined sexist portrayals of women in names of perfumes and found that women were only represented as sex objects and victims ignoring other possibilities. This study does not debunk such sexist roles but intends to also show how these names of perfumes have also assigned power to women presenting us with a case of a sexist paradox. The study adopts a critical stylistic framework propounded by Lesley Jeffries with the ‘idea that there is a level of meaning which sits somewhere between the systematic (coded) meaning of what Saussure called the ‘langue’ and the contextual and relatively variable meaning of language in use, which Saussure called ‘Parole’ (408-420) and uses the textual-conceptual functions therein as tools of analysis. A total of 134 female perfume names were collated from an online shopping mall to serve as data for the qualitative analysis carried out. &nbsp;The study found out that some names of female perfumes align with the ideology that ‘sex sells’ in advertising. It also establishes the idea that perfume names assign power to women depicting them as the stronger sex. This paper then attempts to make us realize that women are meant to own their sexuality as reflected in the nominalization perfume names which convey positive ideology.</p> 2020-03-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ayotunde Mamudu https://royalliteglobal.com/languages-and-literatures/article/view/94 Political-Discourse Interactions and Sustainable Peace in Nigeria 2020-04-02T22:33:02+00:00 Abaya Henry Demenongo abayahenry@gmail.com <p>Political-Discourse interactions between government officials and citizen are increasingly becoming common discourse events in Nigeria. There is seemingly nothing unfamiliar about political discourse events, but what needs clarification is the extent to which political discourse interactions foster and or enhance sustainable peace. This study thus investigates political-discourse events of ‘The Ministerial Platforms’ and ‘National Good Governance Tours’ of Nigeria to determine how they enhance sustainable peace. Djik’s Action theory and Halliday’s Systemic Functional Linguistics served as theoretical framework. Analysis reveals that increased political-Discourse interactions between government officials and the citizenry shortened the gap between the governed and those who govern, thus bridging disharmony, disillusionment, apathy, agitations and grievances through information eliciting strategy realised through probing by <em>questioning, </em>Emotive embedded strategy through entreaties by <em>pleas, </em>Campaign strategy through agitations by <em>direct demands and</em> Affirmative Strategy through applauses and <em>commendations, </em>as what the citizenry used. While government ministers and officials deployed Descriptive strategy using metaphors to illustrate and achieve conviction, Evidence based strategy using statistics to foreground facts and inspire belief, Credibility building strategy through positive self-presentation to give credence and build the confidence of the people in the government. These interactions and the strategies deployed served to bring opposing camps together to create better understanding. An understanding of this strategies and sustenance of these interactions sure enhances harmony and peace between government and the governed.</p> 2020-03-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Abaya Henry Demenongo https://royalliteglobal.com/languages-and-literatures/article/view/83 Portrayal and Effects of Disobedience through Drama in Works of Aidoo and Fiawoo: A Comparative Study 2020-04-05T11:53:37+00:00 Alberta Aseye Ama Duhoe duhoe12@gmail.com Emmanuel Kyei-Poku kyeipokue@gmail.com <p>Culture as a collective norm behooves members of a community whose identity is related to adherence to a specific culture, thus guaranteeing a cultural preservation and protection. In other words, there is a marked-off conservatism in any community where identity is related to culture which acts as a blockade that prohibits the intrusion of aspects that are considered anti-cultural.&nbsp; Culture can then be described as a structure that developed out of the collective consciousness of a society whose members wanted to' invent' and identify with all aspects of a culture. &nbsp;Anowa is the story about a young woman who wants to marry a man she loves, ignoring her parents ' wishes. The couple gathers fortune after several trials and tribulations-but Anowa knows something is wrong somewhere. In essence, Anowa is an analysis of the contradictions between western cultural individualism and Africa's social traditions. Implications linked to not fulfilling a divine calling are central to this research. Anowa rejects her spiritual calling to become a dancer-priestess, mainly because of the influence of her mother Badua. This paper, however, examined the portrayal and effects of disobedience of Ghanaian youths by juxtaposing both Akan and Ewe cultures as part of literature.&nbsp;</p> 2020-04-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Alberta Aseye Ama Duhoe, Emmanuel Kyei-Poku