International Journal of Research and Scholarly Communication https://royalliteglobal.com/ijoras <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>International Journal of Research and Scholarly Communication</strong> is a peer-reviewed interdisciplinary journal that publishes empirical and theoretical research papers in the fields of humanities and social sciences such as anthropology, business studies, communication studies, cultural studies, development studies, economics, education, film studies, geography, history, information science, linguistics, literature, library studies, media studies, philosophy, psychology, sociology, performing arts (music, theatre &amp; dance), religious studies, visual arts, and women studies among others.&nbsp;</p> en-US <p class="copyright-statement">This open-access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 license.</p> <p class="licensing"><strong>You are free to:</strong> Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.</p> <p class="licensing"><strong>Adapt</strong> — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. </p> <p class="licensing"><strong>Under the following terms:</strong> Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. </p> <p class="licensing"><strong>No additional restrictions</strong> You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.</p> info@royalliteglobal.com (Royallite Global) ojwang@royalliteglobal.com (Amos O. Ojwang) Tue, 02 Feb 2021 10:09:28 +0000 OJS 3.2.1.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Introducing the competency-based approach to ESL instruction in Cameroon: A Freirean reading https://royalliteglobal.com/ijoras/article/view/405 <p>Education is not a banking process where all-knowing teachers stuff passive learners with static facts, but a dialogical process by which teachers also learn and learners also teach (Freire, 2000). In February 2013, the government of Cameroon through the Ministry of Secondary Education organized nation-wide week-long induction seminars for teachers of English as a Second Language (ESL). The goal was to get the teachers of ESL to understand the nature of and how to apply the Competency-Based Approach to English Language Teaching (CBAELT). The seminar was pedagogic in that the participants comprised ‘teachers’ (Regional Pedagogic Inspectors) and ‘learners’ (teachers of ESL). This study set out to, first, assess the relationship between the principles of the Competency-Based Approach to Language Teaching (CBALT), and the basis of Freire’s Dialogical Model of education, and, second, examine the extent to which the introduction of the CBAELT was dialogical. Data were obtained through participant observation and the CBAELT seminar document, and analysed using content analysis, interpretation and argumentation. The findings reveal that the principles of the CBALT largely align with Freire’s Dialogical Model of education. However, the top-bottom manner in which the CBAELT was introduced does adequately respond to the demands of Freire’s dialogical model of education. </p> Kiwoh Terence Nsai, Chia Kaki Jude Copyright (c) 2020 Kiwoh Terence Nsai, Mr. Kaki https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://royalliteglobal.com/ijoras/article/view/405 Tue, 02 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Social media and politics in Nigeria: A conceptual framework https://royalliteglobal.com/ijoras/article/view/510 <p>This paper examines side by side social media and politics and the relationship between the two. Also worthy of examination in the article was social media and election and social media and democracy. This is because elections and democracy exist in a political space or environment, hence the relationship. The place of social media to rally political support is no longer in doubt. To advance the conversation and mobilize political supports, social media has become a critical political tool for campaign planners. The term social media refers to the use of web-based and mobile technologies to turn communication into an interactive dialogue. Politicians create several social media accounts and handle in other to reach the electorates and to have a more direct contact with them, something the traditional media didn’t provide. Some of these social media platforms are Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, WhatsApp, etc. The use of social media in elections appears to be gathering momentum that is altering the traditional practice of electioneering. This phenomenon is premised on the rapidly expanding access to internet, increased availability of internet ready smart phones and other communication devices, which enable individuals to simultaneously share information with any number of peers or even the public. Politicians have swerved from the use of the old media such as the print (newspapers) and the electronic media (television and radio), to the use of the new media during electioneering to actualize their political goals. In a modern democracy, social media can be used by governments to involve citizens in decision making, and make civil society to engage people in specific issues. Social media has transformed political communication in a number of ways, like segmentation of audience, weakening gate keeping capacity of traditional media, releasing most recent news and influences socio-economic and political settings. The study is anchored on two theories: the technological determinism theory and the uses and gratification theory. Social media has great impact on the voting pattern of the electorates, especially youths who constitute the largest proportion of social media users in Nigeria. We therefore, recommend that Nigeria’s political leaders and future aspirants should desist from using the social media to spread false stories, hate speeches, caricature figures etc. on other candidates that will destroy their public image. Rather, they should portray what they have to offer to the masses.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Chibuike Oparaugo Copyright (c) 2021 Chibuike Oparaugo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://royalliteglobal.com/ijoras/article/view/510 Tue, 02 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Intersections of the knowledge-power nexus as a precursor to (dis)empowerment and resistance in the poetry of Maya Angelou https://royalliteglobal.com/ijoras/article/view/568 <p>This article investigates how knowledge and its recursive relation with power is manifested in the poetry of Maya Angelou. It analyses how various contexts, such as the social, political, cultural and historical, inform knowledge production and how the Foucauldian concept of the knowledge/power nexus is employed as a strategy of (dis)empowerment and resistance by marginalized persons in her poetry. It also, explores how Angelou’s poetry utilises the female body as the site of the manifestation of the knowledge/power nexus and resistance. The article utilises textual data obtained through critical reading and analysis of poems from The Complete Collected Poetry of Maya Angelou. In its analyses, it makes use of three poems; Men and Phenomenal Woman and Seven Women’s Blessed Assurance. It concludes that the knowledge/power nexus as manifested in her poetry is representative of a vantage point from which one stands empowered to re-examine their social situation and re conceptualize ways in which to subvert domination.</p> Teresia Kaberia, Larry Ndivo Copyright (c) 2021 Teresia Kaberia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://royalliteglobal.com/ijoras/article/view/568 Sat, 13 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000