Journal of African Studies and Ethnographic Research <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Journal of African Studies and Ethnographic Research </strong>is a peer reviewed journal which publishes research works on Africa or by Africans within and in diasporas, especially the continent's cultures, societies, politics, demography,&nbsp; languages, religion, economies and international relations.&nbsp;</p> en-US <p class="copyright-statement">This open-access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 license.</p> <p class="licensing"><strong>You are free to:</strong>&nbsp;Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format. Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.&nbsp;<strong>Under the following terms:</strong>&nbsp;Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.&nbsp;<strong>No additional restrictions</strong>&nbsp;You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.</p> (AMOS OJWANG) Mon, 31 Jan 2022 12:46:16 +0000 OJS 60 Assessing the effects of social-economic interactions between the Abagusii and the Nubian communities in Kisii Township (2003-2013) <p>The aim of the study was to assess effects of the interactions between the Abagusii and the Nubian communities 2003-2013. The study was guided by Ethnic Stratification and Ethnic Identity Theory. The study was qualitative in nature and Historical research design was used to provide chronology and transformation of the interactions between the Nubians and Abagusii of Kisii Township Location, Kisii County. This study targeted both Nubians and Abagusii communities who are living in Kisii Township Location, Kisii County. The community leaders such as elderly people, clan elders, chiefs, sub-chiefs, Islamic religious leaders and Christian religious leaders, were also targeted because they have vital information about the Nubians living within Kisii Township Location. Purposive and Snowball sampling procedures was used to identify 50 informants for the study. The analysed data was reported in form of narrations coupled with first hand quotation from the primary data. The study found out that the Nubians as ex British solders settled in Kisii in 1938. The study will help to identify the contribution of Nubians towards Kenya’s cultural heritage. It will also enrich historiography of Ethnic interaction not only in Kenya but also globally.</p> Hesbon John, Evans Nyamwaka, Herman Kiriama Copyright (c) 2022 Hesbon John, Evans Nyamwaka, Herman Kiriama Thu, 21 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 African indigenous languages and accommodation in peace-building: The case of Kenya’s Borabu- Sotik Border Local Peace Committees’ PB dialogues <p>A review of Language and PB literature shows that, as carriers of meanings and connotations, indigenous languages are central to effective community-based communication in contexts such as interethnic peace-building which has become indispensible due to the now rampant debilitating ethno-political-conflict. However, mother-languages have not only been relegated in language-policy planning (due to the demand for information technology-advancement related globalizing lingua franca), but their centrality in community-based communications has not been properly showcased in research. Therefore, this study, within the framework of Communication-Accommodation-Theory, tries to examine their role in the Borabu-Sotik Local-Peace-Committees’ peace-building dialogues; whose discourse demands accommodation and the understanding of the communities’ indigenous-knowledge, folklore, history and cultural norms &amp; diversity. It was guided by the research-question:&nbsp; How and why were indigenous-languages used in the Borabu-Sotik Local-Peace-Committees’ interethnic peace-building dialogues, (if at all they were) and what is its effect on peace-building? Due to the nature of this question, the issue addressed and my epistemological-assumption that peace-building-communication is contextually relative; I used the qualitative exploratory case-study design in the interpretivism research-paradigm. I thus utilized various purposive non-probability sampling techniques to collect (through interviews, observations and FGDs) and analyze data inferentially and thematically. The findings showed that the BS PB-dialogues were replete with verbal-approximation strategies to Ekegusii and to the Kipsigis languages from Kiswahili (the peace-building default-language). Convergence to out-group indigenous-languages which showcased multilingualism, optimal speech-patterns, affiliation and good-will created intergroup rapport, co-operation &amp; harmonious-relational outcomes. Over-convergence was however counterproductively perceived as unwarranted-allegiance. Divergence to the in-groups’ indigenous-languages evoked: ethno-linguistic distinctiveness, disassociation and non-accommodation. But it was evaluated less negatively when attributed to clarification, self-disclosure and reference to taboo/ untranslatable-concepts. The study concluded that the Borabu-Sotik inter-ethnic peace-building dialogues were imbued with divergence to indigenous Languages, that served various regulatory, heuristic and instrumental PB cognitive and affective functions, like: expressing cultural-values; creating interethnic-solidarity; mitigating conflict-effects and enemy-images. Research on how these languages can be formalized and strengthened for such communication-contexts in Kenya and in other ethno-political conflict-embroiled regions is necessary.</p> Hellen Gesare-Omangi Copyright (c) 2022 Hellen Gesare-Omangi Mon, 08 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Matumizi ya taswira katika usawiri wa mashairi ya Euphrase Kezilahabi na Kithaka wa Mberia <p>Makala hii imechunguza taswira na viwango vya taswira vinavyotumika katika usawiri wa maudhui ya ukoloni mamboleo na uchumi. Aina mbalimbali za taswira za lugha zimechanganuliwa. Taswira imegawika katika matapo mawili makuu: ishara na maelezo. Wamitila anachanganua zaidi taswira na kuibuka na taswira za uoni, za harufu, za joto, za mguso, za mwonjo na usikivu. Senkoro (1982:37) anatambua makundi matatu makuu ya taswira: zionekanazo, za mawazo na hisi. Taswira zionekanazo ni taswira za kiishara. Taswira za mawazo ni za kidhahania, ilhali taswira za hisi huibua hisi fulani mawazoni. Taswira za hisi hushughulikia mielekeo ya kihisia ya msomaji kuhusu hali fulani. Huweza kumfanya msomaji awe na wasiwasi, aone woga, au apandwe na hasira kwa vile hujihusisha na hisi za ndani. Taswira hizi zina nguvu kubwa ya kuganda akilini na kumwezesha msomaji kuupata ujumbe wa mtunzi vizuri. Kulingana na Senkoro (1982), taswira za hisi huweza pia kujengwa ndani ya tamathali. Utafiti huu ulitumia msingi wa nadharia ya Mtindo ilioasisiwa na Buffon (1930) na kuendelezwa na Leech (1969). Mtindo ni elementi ya kimsingi katika maana ya jumla ya kazi ya fasihi lakini ni kupitia maudhui ndipo maana halisi ya mitindo iliyotafitiwa imeweza kujitokeza. Hauwezi zungumzia mitindo bila kuzungumzia maudhui. Maudhui ya ukoloni mamboleo na uchumi yalitumika katika utafiti kwa vile ni mojawapo ya maudhui yanayoweza kubeba mabadiliko yanayoshamiri katika mitindo ya kishairi. Kwa hivyo, si kwamba maudhui mengine hayangetumika katika utafiti huu. Mashairi yaliyoteuliwa ndiyo yamechunguzwa katika utafiti huu. Mashairi yanayohusu maswala ya ukoloni mamboleo na uchumi yamechanganuliwa kwa kuegemea mihimili ya nadharia ya mtindo. Mihimili ya nadharia hii ya mtindo itatumika kuchanganua ulinganifu na utofauti uliopo katika uasilishaji wa mashairi. Ndiposa ufanano au utofauti uliopo katika kazi za washairi hawa&nbsp; ziweze kudhihirika.</p> Job Juma Copyright (c) 2022 Job Juma Tue, 05 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Examining the factors that militate against women reporting domestic violence to DOVVSU amongst Talensi and Bolga in Northern Ghana <p>Globally, discrimination against women is an international epidemic that impacts many women's lives. In line with the Sustainable Development Goals, which also underscore gender equality and women's empowerment for peace around the world and the duty of every country to check whatever happens to women in their countries accordingly. In Talensi district and Bolga Municipality of northern Ghana, women are vulnerable to violence because of the patriarchal society in the northern part of the country; the resulting male dominance results in extensive violence against women. This study looked at factors which actively opposed domestic violence reported to DOVVSU in the district of Talensi and the municipality of Bolga. Fifty married women were chosen using methodology known as purposive sampling. Semi-structured surveys and in-depth interviews were used to collect the data. Registration and transcription were used to evaluate the data. According to the findings of the study, at least seven out of 10 women in the district surveyed have been exposed to some form of violence. The study showed again that women who have a higher educational degree are more exploited by their wives than women who have lower education levels. That may happen because higher education women are more exposed and refuse to submit to their husbands. The study suggested that there should be DOVVSU units in the area, one would be very beneficial because the rate of abuse against women is troubling and the unit's presence in the district would be a message to men who harass women.</p> Maxwell Tengolzor Ba-an, Felicia Dapilee, Samuel Kwabla Segbefia Copyright (c) 2022 Maxwell Tengolzor Ba, Felicia Dapilee, Samuel Kwabla Segbefia Mon, 31 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000