Cultural practices resilience in the wake of COVID-19 among communities in Western Kenya

https://doi.org/10.58256/rjah.v3i4.902

Authors

  • Lucy Mandillah Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology
  • David Barasa School of Arts and Social Sciences, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kenya
  • Lydia Anyonje School of Arts and Social Sciences, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kenya
  • Janet Kassily School of Arts and Social Sciences, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kenya
  • Patricia Kariaga School of Arts and Social Sciences, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kenya

Keywords:

COVID-19, culture, pandemic, resilience, Western Kenya

Abstract

This study provides first-hand information on the cultural practices during the COVID-19 pandemic among communities in Western Kenya. The study highlights the differentiated impact COVID-19 had on cultural practices and the central role played by communities in building the response and recovery to the global crisis. The study examined how cultural community practices were conducted in the wake of COVID-19 with a view to engineering such practices to fit in the new normal while preserving salient components of cultural traditions and values among the Luhya and Luo communities. A cross-sectional survey research design was employed. FGDs and interview schedules were used to elicit data from forty (40) respondents. Sixty percent (60%) of the respondents were from Kakamega, 25% Siaya and 15 % from Bungoma Counties. The study established that cultural practices such as greetings; cultural gatherings such as funerals; cultural bull fighting, Isukuti performances and circumcision took place during COVID-19, although at a very minimal level. Respondents confessed that COVID-19 protocols changed the way the above practices were conducted during COVID-19. It was further established that some abandoned cultural practices were re-introduced during the pandemic. Thus, indigenous culture was hit by the effects of COVID-19 infections, surveillance, as well as government and WHO COVID-19 protocol measures. The analysis and recommendations presented in this study seek to contribute to the design of COVID-19 response and recovery measures that are respectful of the rights of communities, support their cultural practices, livelihoods, economies and resilience.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Dimensions

Amendah D. D., Buigut S., Mohamed S. (2014) Coping strategies among urban poor: evidence from Nairobi, Kenya. PLoS ONE, 9, e83428.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. World Map: Global Map. 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-updates/world-map.html.

Cheng J. J., Schuster-Wallace C. J., Watt S., Newbold B. K., Mente A. (2012) An ecological quantification of the relationships between water, sanitation and infant, child, and maternal mortality.

Christakis, N. (2020) Social distancing prevents infections, but it can have unintended consequences. Hove, UK: Routledge.

County Government of Kakamega (2018). Kakamega County Integrated Development Plan 2018 – 2022.

Cucinotta, D., & Vanelli M., (2020) WHO Declares COVID-19 a Pandemic. Acta Biomedica, 91(1), 157–60.

Dubé, E., Laberge et al (2013) . Vaccine hesitancy: An overview. Hum. Vaccines Immunother, 9, 1763–177.

Du Z., Wang L., Cauchemez, S, et al. Risk for transportation of 2019 novel coronavirus disease from Wuhan to other cities in China. Emerg Infect Dis, 26(5).

Stockholm (2020). European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, ECDC. Guidelines for the use of non-pharmaceutical measures to delay and mitigate the impact of 2019-nCoV. ECDC:

Gupta, D., & Bansal, K. (2014). Communication campaign for eradication of polio: An assessment of the programme in sub-urban clusters of NCT of Delhi. School of Journalism and New Media Studies (SOJNMS). Journal: Media Map, 1(4), 31–33.

Guidry, J.P. (2021). Willingness to get the COVID-19 vaccine with and without emergency use authorization. Am. J. Infect. Control 2021, 49, 137–142.

Government of Kenya (2009). Population and Housing Census, 2009

Figueiredo, L. A. ( 2021).; Piatek, S.J.; de Graaf, K.; Larson, H.J. Measuring the impact of COVID-19 vaccine misinformation on vaccination intent in the UK and USA. Nat. Hum. Behav. 2021, 5, 337–348.

Holt-Lunstad (2015). Measuring social distance. Journal of Applied Sociology, 9, 299– 308.Google Scholar

Shapiro, G. (2020). How innovation is helping mitigate the coronavirus threat. Stat Reports, First Opinion.

Schiavo, R. (2013). Health communication: From theory to practice (2nd ed.). Jossey-Bass.

Hussein H. ( 2015). Vaccines Through Centuries: Major Cornerstones of Global Health.

Front Public Health, 3, 269.

Zimmer C., & Corum J., S-L. (2020). Coronavirus vaccine tracker US: The New York Times; 2020 [cited 2020 December 13]. Available from: https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/science/coronavirus-vaccine-tracker.html

Larson H.J., Hartigan-Go K., de Figueiredo, A. (2019). Vaccine confidence plummets in the Philippines following dengue vaccine scare: why it matters to pandemic preparedness. HumVaccines Immunother, 15(3), 625–627.

Tanner, Jonathan (2020) Five ways coronavirus could shape our digital future. https://www.odi.org/blogs/16747.

WHO (2020b) 2019. Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan, 3rd February 2020 Draft.

WHO (2020e). COVID-19 Situation Reports – 70, 78, April 2020.

Wilder-Smith, A., Freedman, D.O. (2020). Isolation, quarantine, social distancing and community containment: pivotal role for old-style public health measures in the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreakTravel Med.taaa020.doi:10.1093/jtm/taaa020PubMedGoogle Scholar.

World Health Organization (2020c). Available at: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public (accessed March 2020)

World Health Organization. (2020a). Available at: https://www.who.int/ith/2020-24-01-outbreak-of-Pneumonia-caused-by-new-coronavirus/en/ (accessed January 2020)

World Health Organization. (2020d). Available at:https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/situation-reports (accessed March 2020)

Worldometer (2020). Worldometer report as by April 10th 2020

Wu, Z. & McGoogan, M. J. (2020) Characteristics of and Important Lessons From the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak in China. Summary of a Report of 72 314 Cases from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

Zhou, W. (2020) The Coronavirus Prevention Handbook, 101 Science Based Tips that could save your life, Hubei Science and Technology Press, China.

Published

2022-10-19

How to Cite

Mandillah, L., Barasa, D., Anyonje, L., Kassily, J., & Kariaga, P. (2022). Cultural practices resilience in the wake of COVID-19 among communities in Western Kenya. Research Journal in Advanced Humanities, 3(4), 37-52. https://doi.org/10.58256/rjah.v3i4.902

Issue

Section

Articles